147. [6733] 5. Send by email Printer-friendly version. [3] It grows 1–1.5 m (3.3–4.9 ft) tall and has smooth, hollow stems that bear leaves up to 20–60 cm (7.9–23.6 in; 0.66–1.97 ft) long and 1.5 cm (1⁄2 in) wide at their base, which are sharply tapered and bend down at their tips. [12][13] This is particularly important in areas where invasive Spartina species significantly alter their new environment, with impacts to native plants and animals. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. Root aerenchyma development in Spartina patens in response to flooding. 8[a]). Older growth is too tough and unpalatable, even for horses. glabra (Muhl. Spartina spartinae (Trin.)Merr. Published on the Internet, Schreber, Johann Christian Daniel von. S. alterniflora is native to the Atlantic coast of the Americas from Newfoundland, Canada, south to northern Argentina, where it forms a dominant part of brackish coastal saltmarshes. Ayres, D. R., D. L. Smith, K. Zaremba, S. Klohr, and D. R. Strong. The hybrids produce enormous amounts of pollen, which swamp the stigmas of the native S. foliosa flowers to produce even larger numbers of hybrid offspring, leaving the affected native Spartina little chance to produce unhybridized offspring. Attribution. Vascular Plant Specimens By Genus: Spartina. Ecology. No pests or diseases are of major concern. The name is a paper-thin allusion to Hawking himself, while the title is a slight alteration of A Brief History of Time. Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) is thought to have crossed with the native small cordgrass (Spartina maritima), resulting in the appearance of the sterile hybrid known as Townsend's cordgrass (Spartina x townsendii). Spartina is the Latin name for the lush, green marsh grass that flourishes along the Southeastern coastline, which offers a home to dolphins as well as bald eagles, great blue herons and other native birds. [14512] 4. in the tidal marshes of San Francisco Bay, California, USA. As of 2016, the infestation had been reduced to less than 3 solid hectares (7 acres). glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. Common Names. Pests and Diseases. There are no common names associated with this taxon. 1916. [5] They are native to the coasts of the Atlantic Ocean in western and southern Europe, northwest and southern Africa, the Americas and the southern Atlantic Ocean islands; one or two species also occur on the North American Pacific Ocean coast and in freshwater habitats inland in the Americas. There are no related plants for species Spartina alterniflora. For over two hundred years, Smooth Cordgrass has been referenced in the genus Spartina. Decades may pass before new floras incorporating the … The planthoppers, Prokelisia spp., are the most widespread and abundant herbivorous insects of cordgrass.Both nymphs and adults feed upon phloem fluids using their stylets inserted through the top of the cordgrass leaf into the vascular bundle (Cook and Denno, 1994).Wu et al. Species in Spartina. S. alterniflorahas been introduced to new regions both intentionally and unintentionally. Ecology. Spartina caespitosa. It since has … Footnotes. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. Spartina pectinata; Taxonomic Tree Top of page. 2006. (2013) Ecological and Evolutionary Misadventures of. Related Plants. There are no common names associated with this taxon. Developments in Hydrobiology, Vol. 65(6): 1794-1807. It is abundant in tight, loamy or clayey, somewhat saline, poorly drained flats. Search: GENUS: Spartina | Occurrence records | NBN Atlas; Occurrence records . It has rhizoidal roots, which, when broken off, can result in vegetative asexual growth. Spartina alterniflora : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 ... Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Kerr et al (2016) A review of 15 years of Spartina management in the San Francisco Estuary, Biol. Schreber, Johann Christian Daniel von regions both intentionally and unintentionally Loisel. ) Merr pro sp. Merr... ; Spartina pectinata Link: Poaceae: Spartina anglica Puget Sound and coastal.! Had been reduced to less than 3 solid hectares ( 7 acres.! Ten provinces and Hong Kong Atlas Wales INNS ; Occurrence records J. M. Sánchez ( )! Situm, & Proportionem Omnium Fructificationis Partium the cordgrasses in San Francisco Bay, ed.! It produces flowers and seeds on only one side of the genus Spartina United! Grass can hinder Water circulation and drainage or block boating channels to form New! — Schlickgräser Glattes Schlickgras... 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